STEP 7 Immunizations When we think of immunization, we usually think of childhood. After all, children receive many immunizations from their infancy onward to help guard against dangerous diseases. But adults need to stay current with immunizations, too. These are some of the most commonly used vaccines for adults and who should receive each: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act You have probably read or heard about the new health care act President Obama signed into law in 2010. The law will have a major impact on how we get insurance and receive care. For starters, insurance companies will be required to offer the same level of care without regard to gender or preexisting conditions (i.e., health conditions you have before you got the insurance policy). The law also establishes minimum standards of coverage, and bans annual and lifetime caps on benefits. For the first time, individuals and businesses will be able to buy health insurance through state exchanges, where health insurers will compete state by state for your business. Many low-income individuals and families who buy insurance through the exchanges will be eligible for subsidies (on a sliding scale) to help them cover the cost. Medicaid will be expanded to cover more people, as well. The act will be phased in over the years leading up to 2020, when the last of its provisions goes into effect. The ultimate goal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is to help more people get the health insurance and health care they need, without adding to the costs they must bear. For more information about the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, see the website http://www.healthcare.gov/law/index.html. 44 ■■ Seasonal flu (all adults) ■■ Tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis (all adults who did not receive the Tdap vaccine as children) ■■ Pneumococcal disease (adults 65 years and older and adults with specific health conditions) ■■ Hepatitis B infection (adults with diabetes or those who are at risk for hepatitis B) Some adults may require other immunizations, too, such as the vaccines for shingles and meningitis. Talk with your doctor about which ones are right for you.
P750-A 7 Steps to a Healthy Heart
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